The It is a very interesting Faculty at the University of Nigeria Nsukka, everyone depends on Agriculture for food production.
The faculty is made up of seven (7) departments. They are:
The programme is designed to provide broad practical and theoretical training in basic agricultural sciences for the first three years and a full year of practical training in approved farms and other agro-based establishments during the fourth year. In the fifth or final year, the student is given intensive courses in the following areas of Agricultural Economics, namely: Farm Management and Production Economics, Economic Theories, Quantitative Techniques, Agric Finance and Project Analysis, and Cooperative and Economic Development.
The broad objective of the programme is to provide our graduates with the requisite knowledge, skills and attitudes that will enable them to apply relevant economic principles to the real-life problems of Nigerian agriculture. In the fifth or final year, the student is given intensive courses in the following areas of Agricultural Economics, namely, Management, Production Economics, Economic Analysis, Econometrics, Marketing, Farm Accounting and Records, Cooperatives, Agricultural Finance, Agricultural Development and Policy, Planning and Appraisal Methods of Social Research. In addition, each student undertakes a project on a specified agricultural problem under the supervision of a member of the academic staff. At the end of the programme, the B. Agric graduate would have acquired adequate knowledge and skill in agriculture and related areas that would provide solutions to Nigeria’s agricultural and rural development problems and improve agricultural productivity in general. Some utilize their skills to establish and operate their own farm enterprises.
The programme in Agricultural Extension at the University of Nigeria was initiated at the instance of UNICEF in 1965 when the agency entered into an agreement with the University to support the programme for a period of five years. This was done because it was realized that the programmes of the Faculty of Agriculture were defective without a programme in Agricultural Extension. Agricultural development was conceptualized as a system held in place by three important links agricultural education (which includes soil, crop and animal scientists as well as agricultural economists and extension experts), agricultural research and agricultural extension. The omission of agricultural extension in the Faculty programme was thought a serious one because research and other activities carried out in the soil, crops and animals were useless unless their findings were made available to and accepted by farmers; hence, the need for a programme in agricultural extension.
At the inception of the programme in 1965, the agricultural extension was organized as part of the Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension because of a lack of teaching staff and other logistic support. In 1973/74, the curricula of agricultural economics and extension were restructured to permit two-degree options Agricultural Economics and Agricultural Extension. In 1981, as a result of greater national awareness of the importance of agricultural extension, the University Senate created a separate Department. The programme started in 1981; the trend in student enrollment at undergraduate and postgraduate levels as well as staff disposition has been on the upswing. The programme commences with the understanding of relevant branches of the natural and management sciences which form the basis of a coordinated sequence of applied courses offered in the penultimate and final years. An essential feature of the programme is that opportunities are provided for students to gain broad training in the basic agricultural sciences in the first three years, and a full year of practical training, during the fourth year of the programme, while the fifth or final year is the year of specialization. The requirements for the degree thus include the completion of the general studies programme of the University, required ancillary courses, necessary electives and the completion of specialized courses in Agricultural Extension.
Animal science also referred to as Animal Agriculture is a branch of agriculture that provides basic training in the science and art of raising certain species of domesticated and non-domesticated animals for human consumption. It involves the application of many aspects of biological Science, behavioural science, physical science, environmental science and agricultural engineering to produce food and companion animals that meet man’s nutritional, social, companionship and to some extent labour requirements. Its knowledge encompasses animal breeding, feeding, care and management, and the processing of animals and their by-products as gained through practical experience and research methods. Animal science also plays a significant role in the food security of a nation.
Crop Science is concerned with the selection, improvement and production of crops useful to man. It addresses the planting, maintenance, protection, harvesting, storage and aspects of post-harvest handling of produce. The B. Agric (Crop Science) programme is designed to provide broad practical and theoretical training in the basic agricultural sciences for the first three years. During the fourth year (farm year), practical training is provided in approved farms and agro-based establishments. During the fifth (final) year, the students are given intensive courses that will enable them to graduate in any of the under-listed areas of specialization.
Food Science and Technology
Food Science and Technology is a field of integrated study of basic sciences, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Nutrition, Biotechnology, and Engineering Technology for the development and management of food resources. The discipline exposes the nature, composition and properties of food materials and their behaviour during processing, handling, storage, distribution and utilization.
Home Science, Nutrition and Dietetics
Home Science (Home Economics) as a profession is a field of study that evolved out of the concern for the home (family) raised by the conditions of society becoming increasingly dominated by commercial and industrial interests. It is concerned with ways in which the quality and content of family life can be enhanced maximally through the optimum utilization of its human and material resources. It is an applied field of study that brings together knowledge and skills from different disciplines within the pure and applied arts and sciences to solve the most pressing problems that challenge families presently, as well as those that are possibly going to emerge in the future. The field of Home Science has developed tremendously within the last few decades in both its outreach and its depth of penetration in order to meet the dynamic nature of the problems and challenges of individuals, families and societies. This is a result of the developments in science and technology, all of which have affected the living conditions of individuals, families and society at large.