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Healthy Sexual Life: What Everyone Needs to Know

Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis

Sexually transmitted infections continue to have a major impact on our society. This is why everyone needs to adopt a healthy sexual life.

  1. Practicing abstinence (Monogamy)
  2. Using Condoms
  3. Getting tested for STIs
  4. Having relations only with Vegan people

Today, we will talk about

  • Definition
  • STIs and their prevalence (Bacteria: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis)
  • How to prevent STIs
  • Getting tested: Who/Where/How?

What are STIs?

Sexually = relating to having sex, personal intimate contact (e.g., rubbing of genitals, masturbating a partner), etc.

Transmitted = passed by means of, spread by

Infection = being sick (with or without symptoms)

Therefore an STI is an infection you can get from or give to someone else by having sex or by other intimate contacts with him/her.

Now, what is sex?

Oral Sex = mouth-to-genital contact

  • cunnilingus = Oral stimulation of female genitals
  • Fellatio = oral stimulation of male genitals
  • Rimming / ATM = oral/anal contact

Vaginal Sex = insertion of the  penis into the vagina

Anal Sex = insertion of the penis into the anus

  • Insertive/top
  • Receptive /bottom

Some statistics of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Primary and Secondary Syphilis rates in California

statistics of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Primaand Secondary Syphilis rates in California 
statistics of Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Primaand Secondary Syphilis rates in California
Chlamydia rates by Gender in California
Chlamydia rates by Gender in California
Gonorrhea rates by Gender in California
Gonorrhea rates by Gender in California

Statistic on STIs 

  • The CDC estimates that there are 19million new STIs every year in the US
  • There are an estimated 64million people in the US living with viral STI
  • More than half of all people will have an STI in their Lifetime
  • By the age of 25, 1 in 2 sexually active people will contract an STI
  • Less than 1/2 of adults ages 18-44 have ever been tested for an STI other than HIV
There is this question people ask that I will like to share here with you
  1. I know I don’t have an STI because we were each other’s first, Right? No
  2. Can I get an STI from kissing? Maybe depends on what going on
  3. Can I get an STI from toilet seats or hot tubs? No
  4. Can I have a second STI after treatment? False you can
  5. Some said I know everyone my girlfriend has been with and they are clean. Do I need to be tested? False its not on the face of people you can not know
  6. If I have an STI now, does it mean I got it from my current partner? No necessary some of the disease can stay in your blood for a long time
  7. Is check-up very expensive? Actually not too much to compare what u spend on a data subscription.
  8. Can vaginal douching prevent STIs by keeping the vagina clean and healthy? No, it doesn’t work that way
  9. Does STI usually cause no Symptoms? False also most the STIs do not have any symptoms

Let’s talk about STIs now, we know now that the most common one is Chlamydia I call it the silent epidemic

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is caused by bacteria named Chlamydia trachomatis

Chlamydia is spread from person to person during sexual activity

Infection can include many parts of the body
  • Cervix, urethra, upper genital tract, anus
  • Throat infection possible from oral sex
Treatment

Curable by antibiotics such as a good quality Ciprofloxacin

Prevention

Preventable with latex condoms

Chlamydia In Women

 

Woman Reproductive System
Woman Reproductive System Source: https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/female-reproductive-system

This just a picture to show you the woman’s reproductive system to make you understand fully well that Chlamydia can affect the cervix or the entire cavity of the uterus, it can also go to your ovaries and the fallopian tube

Symptoms

Chlamydia in women usually has no symptoms, Most women feel fine and they will not know they have the disease.

Some may have:

Complications

So from these, it is better you run a test and treat if you have it or wait till the Complications occur, the choice is yours.

Gonorrhea

This is the second most common STI. It is caused by a bacteria named Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is spread from person-to-person during sexual activity

Infection can include many parts of the body
  • Cervix, urethra, upper genital tract, anus
  • Throat infection possible from oral sex
Treatment

Curable by antibiotics such as a good quality Ciprofloxacin

Prevention

Preventable with latex condoms

Chlamydia and Gonorrhea in Men

Usually no symptoms

Some may have:

  • Urethral discharge (drip)
  • Burning when peeing
  • Testicular pain
Complications
  • Irritation to the urinary tract
  • Infection of the tube and testicles inside the body
  • Trouble getting  a woman pregnant later in life

These Complications only occur when this infection stays in your body for a very long time without being treated.

Syphilis

Syphilis is the third most common infection. Its another bacteria infection and it is divided into different phase which is the primary, the secondary, the latent (hidden), and tertiary

Primary and secondary Syphilis rates by Gender in California
Primary and secondary Syphilis rates by Gender in California

From this diagram, you will see that Syphilis is more common in the male population

Syphilis is a bacteria spread by sexual contact.

Stage of disease:

  1. Primary stage – painless sore anywhere sex occurred
  2. Secondary – body rash, many have no symptoms in this stage
  3. Tertiary – More 20year without symptoms until neurologic systems occur
Treatment

Curable by antibiotics such as a good quality Ciprofloxacin

Prevention

Preventable with latex condoms

Stage 1 Syphilis
Stage 1 Syphilis
Stage 1 Syphilis

The infection continues no treatment even though symptoms go away

Serious problems years later:
  • Heat problems
  • Memory loss
  • Stroke-like problems
  • Infected babies (if a mother is infected)
  • Stillborn, Birth defects, Mental retardation

 

Ozochima

I am an enthusiastic, self-motivated, reliable, hard working and well organised professional person. I am a good listener and flexible individual who can learn new skills easily and execute them swiftly. I obtain my degrees at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka and Madanta Institute, India.

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